I found this amazing quote from Jim Delisle’s article “Preventing Discipline Problems with Gifted Students” in the book Growing Up Gifted:
Gifted students generally do not develop behavior problems when they are:
- placed with a teacher who enjoys teaching gifted children and learning with them;
- afforded frequent opportunities to learn with intellectual peers;
- actively engaged in learning that is appropriately complex, challenging, and meaningful; and
- provided guidance in how to understand and cope with their giftedness in society.
Here’s some further discussion on these four points.
Enjoy Gifted Children
What a concept! Students’ behavior will improve when they work with a teacher who enjoys them.
However, anyone who’s had to wrangle a bunch of gifted minds knows there’s much more to the story than angelic scholars who eagerly obey your every whim. In fact, gifted students can present some interesting behaviors that throw off unprepared teachers.
It’s worth examining the concepts of high-achievers vs gifted learners, a distinction summed as “high-achieving learners ‘absorb’ while gifted learners ‘manipulate’ information” by Bertie Kingore.
I think this difference is a big obstacle for many of us since teachers tend to be high–achievers themselves who did well in school as kids.
A high-achiever takes your word as gold, files it away, and whips it out to ace the next test. However, a gifted student might look at your word from every angle, finding the half-truths, over-generalizations, and plain old errors. And call you out on it.
If you’re expecting students to simply consume your finely tuned lessons (as you would have done), you may feel disrespected, flustered, or belittled by students’ relentless analysis of your information.
The thing is, we want students to manipulate, not simply absorb. We want thinking, not just remembering. However, when we’re actually confronted by it, we can be quite taken aback.
Here are some ways to begin enjoying your students’ abilities to quickly analyze information:
- Discuss appropriate ways to allow them to manipulate information. Blurting out, “No you’re wrong!” is rude. But, saying “Another way to look at it…” is appropriate.
- Reward appropriate testing and manipulation of information. If a student finds an error in my work (and points it out politely), they are rewarded through our classroom system.
- Don’t lecture so much. Let students explore and actively manipulate information as they learn. Be there to assist the process and act as a guide.
Learn From Your Students
This quote also mentions that gifted students should have a teacher who enjoys “learning with them.”
This implies giving students a chance to research, discuss, and (perhaps!) even teach about their interests. This is not simply academically fulfilling for students, but also deeply respectful of them. As you allow more choice and interest-driven assignments, students’ behaviors will transform. Plus, who doesn’t feel younger knowing what’s popular with nine-year-olds! :)
We also need to be constantly learning on our own. Take a class on painting. Learn an instrument. Pick up a new sport. Try anything that interests you, but you have no skill in. It’ll help remind you of what it’s like to be a learner.
Learn With Intellectual Peers
It’s vital to get gifted students working with other gifted students. However, be prepared to run into clashes of leadership, frustration, and students who coast while others handle all the work. Gifted minds often go along with intense personalities that do not mix well unless trained.
This earlier post discusses tactics for guiding group work with your gifted students.
Complex, Challenging, & Meaningful Learning
The whole point of identifying our gifted students is to provide learning that is appropriate to their abilities. If we’re not meeting this need, it should be no surprise that students will act out. Here are a few past posts that highlight some complex and challenging ideas:
- Differentiate Math With Complexity And Novelty
- Novelty, U2, and Literary Response
- 3D Analysis: Gardener, Kaplan, and Kohlberg
- Vocabulary Skills for Gifted Students
- Beyond The Book Report
Understand & Cope With Giftedness
Want to help students cope with their unique needs? We have to have an understanding of them ourselves. Otherwise, we can make dangerous assumptions about our students’ internal conflicts, leading to increased behavior problems.
- 11 Lists of Gifted Characteristics
- 10 Social and Emotional Needs of Gifted Students
- 3 Ways Teachers Battle Students’ Giftedness
If you haven’t read Clark’s Growing Up Gifted, it’s definitely worth finding a copy (used, if possible – it’s priced as a textbook!). I always find something intriguing when flipping through it.