If you’ve used the various Depth and Complexity jpeg icons out there, you’ve almost certainly run into their big drawback.
You know what I mean.
Drag an icon into Word and BOOM your layout explodes. When I drop one into a presentation, it’s always the wrong size. If I stretch them out, they get all pixelated.
The icon images out there are difficult to use even in multimedia-friendly tools like Word. What happens when a student wants to include an icon in an email or some other app? If students can’t do this easily, it diminishes the usefulness of Depth and Complexity. Depth and Complexity should be something kids can use all of the time. As we do more and more digitally, this is going to become a bigger problem.
Students’ use of Depth and Complexity shouldn’t be hindered by the icons’ images. The specific images of the icons should serve a supporting role, empowering student thinking no matter what the context.
Jpeg images simply are not up for the task.
Table of Contents
- A Suggested List
- Your List Can Be Different
- They’re Students’ Tools
- No Such Thing As “Official” Icons Images
- They Improve Some Icons
- Why Emoji Are So Flexible
Here are my thoughts about which emoji would work with which depth and complexity prompts. I’ve broken them into three categories:
1. Obvious replacements for existing icons.
These are natural fits as they look just like the official icons:
- Big Idea: 🏛️ or 🏠
- Details: 🌻
- Language of the Discipline: 👄
- Trends: 📈
- Unanswered Questions: ❓
- Multiple Perspectives: 👓
- Change Over Time: ⏳
2. No obvious replacement, but I like them (better!).
There aren’t emoji that obviously fit with Ethics and Rules. BUT! I think the justice scales and traffic light emoji work even better than the jpeg icons. They’re easy to draw and connect pretty clearly to the meaning of their Depth and Complexity prompts.
- Ethics: ⚖️
- Rules: 🚦
3. Not so sure.
And here’s the last group. I think these work, but I’m not 100% thrilled with them.
- Patterns: 🌀 A spiral is definitely a pattern. But is this the best emoji to represent patterns? Send me your thoughts. (Friend of the site, Julie Paik, recommended the checkered flag 🏁 since it has a pattern of colors and shapes but also has a beginning and end. Nice!)
- Across Disciplines: 📚 I like the stack of books to represent multiple disciplines, but it’s less obvious when kids draw it. Might look like just three rectangles. But maybe that’s ok?
Remember, an icon just symbolizes an idea. The particular icon is not the focus; the idea is. If you use one clock, and I use another, we can still tell we’re both thinking about how something Changes Over Time. And that thinking is what matters.
Emoji open up this incredible discussion with your students:
How would you symbolize Ethics, class?
Your students get to decide how they would represent repeating Patterns, unbreakable Rules, or Multiple Perspectives. That’s powerful! It brings us back to the true purpose of having icons at all: to represent deeper and more complex thinking. And it’s so much more interesting than opening the year by telling students “This is what Ethics looks like!”
Seriously, it bums me out that I (a pre-emoji teacher) didn’t get to do this activity with my own students
Now, it’s worth noting that there are no “official” icons. Any sets of colorful, professional images you see out there were not developed by Sandra Kaplan and Bette Gould. In fact, the icons’ images are the only thing about Depth and Complexity that can be under copyright. The framework was developed under a federal grant, so it’s in the public domain. But any specific icons were designed later and may be under copyright.
Perhaps you’ve noticed there’s actually no one version of emoji. Every company uses the same set of emoji, but different implementations. So Apple, Microsoft, Google, and Twitter all have slightly different emoji. Look at all of the different versions of “Face With Hand Over Mouth”.
I love this because it reinforces that there’s no “correct” symbol. Remember, the icons are students’ tools. Students should have ownership of them. As I wrote earlier, when I started teaching, we didn’t have official, professionally designed images. We used random clip-art or drew them by hand. My hand-drawn Language of the Discipline lips were notoriously weird (check them out!), but my students got a kick out of it and knew what they symbolized. The emphasis was on the thinking that those lips symbolized, not the lips themselves (what a weird sentence).
Your phone may have different looking lips than my Chromebook. Your laptop might have different ethics scales than the ones on Twitter, but that’s fine. The symbols aren’t the focus, it’s the idea behind the symbol that we care about.
I even think emoji lets us improve on the official imagery. Like, um, why are Big Idea and Details a Greek building and a flower? So weird, right? Let students make it better!
Since Big Idea and Details work so nicely together (one is zoomed-out and one is zoomed-in), why don’t we take advantage of that connection?
- We could use 🌳 for Big Idea and 🍃 for Details (forest vs tree)
- Or 🌊 for Big Idea and 💧 for Details (ocean vs a drop)
Either set represents the idea of zooming out to see the big picture and then zooming in to see the details. Let your students improve on the existing symbols! See what they can come up with.
If you also use the Content Imperatives, then there’s a set of emoji that work beautifully with each of those prompts, too!
- Origin – ⏺
- Paradox – ↔️
- Parallel – ⏸
- Convergence – 🔄
- Contribution – ⏬
Finally, here are some technical reasons why using emoji works so nicely for digital Depth and Complexity icons.
- Emoji are automatically everywhere. You don’t have to download and install them! Whether you’re on Windows, Mac, a Chromebook, a phone, or some doodad that hasn’t been invented yet, it has emoji built-in!
- Emoji are standardized. Whatever device you use, the set of emoji is the same (even if they look slightly different). This is because there’s an official gosh-darn consortium that regulates emoji!
- Emoji are native. Devices treat them like plain ol’ letters, numbers, or punctuation marks. So you can resize them just like text. They plop right into textboxes. They work in any app that you can type into. And, thank goodness, emoji don’t break Word’s layouts!
- Emoji are designed to be small, but the jpeg Depth and Complexity icons are designed to be poster-sized. If you scale them down to match a 12pt font in Word, they lose their readability. Emoji are meant to be text-sized.
- They’re legal! Unlike the jpeg icons, which can be under copyright, there are many versions of emoji that are completely free to use. Emojipedia has licensing information.
Plus, look how easy emoji are to pop into Word:
- On a Mac, press control+command+spacebar
- On Windows, it’s Win+period or Win+semicolon (or so I’ve read!)
I think I am even more excited about using emoji for Depth and Complexity’s digital icons now than I was when I started writing.
Does this mean you don’t use the jpeg images at all? Of course not. If you like the posters, hang them up! Although, I personally like my students to create their own Depth and Complexity posters. If you like the magnets, use them! The point is to empower students to be able to use depth and complexity in any context. As we move more and more towards digital tools, we need a good solution for bringing depth and complexity with us.
Emoji are a surprisingly elegant solution.
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